Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or worn-out knee joint with an artificial implant. This procedure is typically recommended for individuals experiencing chronic knee pain and stiffness significantly affecting their daily activities and quality of life. The most common reasons for undergoing total knee replacement surgery include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic injury.
Before undergoing total knee replacement surgery, you will have several consultations with your surgeon to determine if the procedure suits you. Your surgeon will evaluate your medical history, conduct a physical examination, and take x-rays or other imaging tests to assess the condition of your knee joint. You may also need to undergo blood tests and other diagnostic tests to ensure that you are fit for surgery.
Your surgeon will also provide instructions on preparing for the surgery, including any medications you should take or avoid and any physical therapy or exercises you should do to strengthen your muscles and improve your mobility. It is important to follow these instructions carefully to ensure the best possible outcome from the surgery.
Total knee replacement surgery is typically performed under general anaesthesia, which means you will be unconscious during the procedure. Your surgeon will make an incision in your knee and remove the damaged bone and cartilage from your thigh bone, shin bone, and kneecap.
The artificial implant, which consists of a metal or plastic component for the thigh bone and a metal or plastic component for the shin bone, is then attached to the bones using cement or special screws. The implant is designed to mimic the movement of a natural knee joint and allow for a full range of motion.
The surgery typically takes about two to three hours to complete, and you will stay in the hospital for several days to recover. During this time, you will receive pain medication and physical therapy to help you regain your strength and mobility.
Recovery and rehabilitation:
After total knee replacement surgery, you will experience some pain and swelling in your knee. Your surgeon will prescribe medications to manage the pain and inflammation. It is important to follow the medication regimen as prescribed to ensure a smooth recovery.
Physical therapy is a critical part of recovery after total knee replacement surgery. Your therapist will work with you to improve your strength, flexibility, and balance and help you regain your ability to perform daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of a car. Depending on your progress, you may need to attend physical therapy sessions several times a week for several weeks or months.
You should follow your surgeon’s instructions for self-care and home exercises at home to ensure a smooth and successful recovery. This may include rest, icing your knee, and avoiding activities that put too much strain on your knee. You should also avoid standing for long periods and avoid climbing stairs until your surgeon gives you the okay.
Following your surgeon’s recommendations for returning to work and other daily activities is important. This will depend on the type of work you do and your progress in your recovery. Most people can return to work within a few weeks to a few months after surgery, although some may need more time.
Risks and Complications:
Total knee replacement is a major surgical procedure that carries certain risks and complications. These include:
- Infection: The risk of infection is low, but it can occur at the surgical site or in the bloodstream.
- Blood clots: Blood clots can form in the legs or lungs, which can be life-threatening.
- Nerve or blood vessel damage: Nerves and blood vessels near the knee can be damaged during surgery, which can cause numbness, tingling, or loss of blood flow.
- Implant failure: The artificial joint can wear out over time or become loose, which may require revision surgery.
- Pain and stiffness: Some patients may experience pain and stiffness after surgery, which can be managed with physical therapy and medication.
- Instability: Some patients may feel instability in the knee, particularly when walking on uneven ground or going up and down stairs.
- There is also a risk of knee stiffness, which can be treated with physical therapy.
It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of total knee replacement with your surgeon before making a decision and to follow post-operative care instructions closely to minimize the risk of complications.
Success Rate of Total Knee Replacement:
Total knee replacement is a highly successful procedure with a high success rate. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, more than 90% of total knee replacements are successful in providing significant pain relief and improvement in function for patients with knee arthritis. The success rate for total knee replacement can vary depending on the patient’s age, overall health, and the type of implant used. The success rate also depends on how well the patient follows post-operative care instructions, such as physical therapy and rehabilitation.
It’s important to note that while total knee replacement can improve quality of life and function, it is not without risks and complications as mentioned in my previous answer. It’s also important to have realistic expectations and understand that the implanted joint may need to be revised or replaced at some point in the future.
Average Cost of a Total Knee Replacement in Pakistan
The cost of a total knee replacement surgery in Pakistan can vary greatly and can range from PKR 400,000 to 550,000. This cost is determined by various factors, such as the experience and reputation of the surgeon, the quality and type of materials used in the surgery, and the hospital’s expenses.
The surgeon performing the surgery is one of the key factors determining the cost of a knee replacement in Pakistan.
Surgeons with years of experience and a good reputation generally charge more for their services. The materials used in the surgery, such as the type of implants and surgical tools, can also impact the cost. Hospitals also play a role in determining the cost of knee replacement surgery, as their expenditure on equipment, facilities, and staff can affect the overall cost of the procedure.
It is important to remember that while cost is an important consideration, it should not be the only factor considered when choosing a surgeon or hospital for a knee replacement procedure. The quality of care and the success of the surgery are also important factors to consider. It is recommended to do thorough research and consultation before making a final decision.
Best orthopedic clinic in Pakistan:
The Waleed Clinix is the most economical and reliable clinic for all elective procedures like knee and hip replacement, limb preservation, shoulder and knee arthroscopies, limb deformity correction or limb preservation surgery in bone tumors. It provides you with 24/7 emergency services. So, instantly book your slot at WALEED CLINIX, Hafizabad, Lahore by visiting https://drwaleedclinix.com/
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